Nights on Mars may include blizzards, a study in Nature Geoscience suggests. A computer model shows that nighttime weather conditions cool water ice within the clouds, causing extreme snowstorms.
The wreckage of the USS Indianapolis, a US Navy cruiser sunk by Japanese torpedoes near the end of World War II, has been found by researchers in the Philippine Sea. "To be able to honor the brave men of the USS Indianapolis and their families through the discovery of a ship that played such a significant role during World War II is truly humbling," said Paul Allen, the co-founder of Microsoft who led the expedition.
Scientists in Spain have created a computer simulation of how kinetic energy from turbulence swirls into increasingly smaller scales in a cascade, according to a study published in Science. The kinetic energy acts something like runners passing a baton during a relay race with the runners getting smaller and increasing in number, researchers say.
The NIH has awarded Sioux Falls, S.D., and Fargo, N.D.-based Sanford Health a grant for more than $11 million to study Native American and rural health. The funds will go toward faculty recruitment and existing research.
AstraZeneca has invested about $29.4 million in a research alliance with Ethris, a biotech startup in Germany, to develop messenger RNA treatments. Ethris will use the funds to develop messenger RNA drugs to treat respiratory diseases including asthma.
The age when students start school could affect their academic performance through college, according to a study released by the National Bureau of Economic Affairs. Researchers found that older students had about a 40-point edge on the SAT and were more likely to enroll in college.
The new school year is bringing a renewed focus on career and technical education in Iowa. Efforts are underway to expand such programs and to build apprenticeship programs, to help prepare students for careers in the skilled trades, particularly in the construction industry.
The Alaska Native Science and Engineering Program guides students to science, technology, engineering and math careers through classes, mentors and internship opportunities with companies such as ExxonMobil. One participant, who has been with the program since sixth grade, is enrolling in college to study mechanical engineering.
Thirty-six community colleges in California have dual-enrollment partnerships in place with area high schools, according to data from the California Community Colleges Chancellor's Office -- 19 more than reported such programs a year ago. At least one college, however, is reporting trouble with implementation because of concerns over staffing.