The University of Washington's Malaria Evolution in South Asia initiative will be the recipient of a $9.3 million grant from the NIH to continue research in the fight against drug-resistant malaria, particularly in India. "By getting a clearer picture of malaria in India, we're 'closing the gap' on how this complex parasite behaves globally," said Pradipsinh Rathod, director of NIH International Center of Excellence for Malaria Research for South Asia.
During a visit to Iowa Wednesday, President Donald Trump and some cabinet members toured Kirkwood Community College in support of the school's agricultural studies program. He said the program, among other things, is training students in technology that will help them succeed in the agriculture industry.
High-school welding students in New York state designed and built a metal bike rack that they donated to their local parks department. Students built the bike rack at the SkillsUSA New York State competition held earlier this year.
Research suggests that nearly half of the world's population will be exposed to deadly heat waves by 2100, even if efforts are made to curb climate change. The study, led by geography professor Camilo Mora of the University of Hawaii at Manoa, found that nearly three-quarters of the population could be exposed to these heat waves if emissions continue to increase at the current pace.
A "disturbance map" from the recently launched Silent Forest project highlights degraded areas of the Amazon where tree density has thinned and biodiversity is at risk. "The data visualization from scientific studies is an important step in the struggle for forest conservation," said Thiago Medaglia, coordinator of the Silent Forest platform.
The Amazon River basin may have been submerged in ocean water at least twice millions of years ago, and that flooding may have contributed to the vast diversity in the area's ecosystem, according to an analysis of sediment cores published in Science Advances. Researchers suggest the Amazon region was flooded about 18 million years ago and then again 14 million years ago.
If all goes as planned, NASA's proposed Europa Clipper mission will fly by Jupiter's moon up to 45 times at various altitudes to study its potential habitability. The mission is supposed to launch by 2022, but that might be pushed back due to budget concerns.
New equipment and technology are making it easier to explore, and eventually mine, the deep-sea floor, long inaccessible but rich in minerals and other resources desired by countries around the world, says University of Southampton Natural and Environmental Sciences Dean Rachel Mills. "The rules for exploitation are yet to be agreed, but contractors will have to demonstrate they have assessed the environmental impact of mining and that plans are in place to manage the effects," she writes.
Viruses that have been genetically modified using the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing system have shown promise in defeating antibiotic-resistant bacteria, a presentation at CRISPR 2017 suggests. Several companies are studying bacteriophages and may be ready to start clinical trials next year.