Research in the Annals of Internal Medicine found people with a normal BMI but central obesity had a 22% higher risk of early death, and those with a BMI in the obesity range had a 13% increased risk, compared with people who stored fat in other areas of the body. Data showed having central obesity increased the risk of heart-related death by 25% among people with a normal BMI, 26% for those who were overweight and 56% for people with a BMI in the obese range.
Farms in Indiana, Wisconsin, Ohio, Iowa and Michigan may be affected by reports of the fungus that causes vomitoxin in large amounts of corn intended for livestock use. The affected corn was harvested amid heavy rains in 2016 and stored in a way that promoted proliferation of the fungus, which can sicken livestock and humans.
Women who were overweight or obese and struggled to exercise improved their blood glucose levels 45 minutes after being treated with electroacupuncture, according to a study in the FASEB Journal. Swedish researchers found that electroacupuncture activates the sympathetic and partly the parasympathetic nervous systems, which increases whole-body glucose uptake.
Higher levels of total fat and trunk fat in adults without diabetes were linked to a greater risk of having an A1C in the prediabetes range, according to a study in the Journal of the Endocrine Society. Researchers said the association was not as consistent for people who already had diabetes.
Obese postmenopausal women with a sedentary lifestyle who adopted a calorie-restricted diet for six months saw improved body composition and fat distribution, researchers reported in the journal Menopause. The study found 12 of 20 women with metabolic syndrome at baseline no longer had the condition but six out of 53 women who did not have metabolic syndrome at the start developed it by the end of the intervention.
Nineteen states are home to micro-hospitals, which typically range from 15,000 to 50,000 square feet with eight to ten hospital beds for short stays and a suite of services tailored to the needs of the local community. Advantages include shorter wait times, shorter stays and improved access to some care, but critics warn that the facilities may lack certain diagnostic or treatment capabilities and offer fewer opportunities for doctors to become proficient at less common procedures.
Women with hepatitis B who took the antiviral drug tenofovir in the second or third trimester of pregnancy had 77% lower rates of transmission of the virus to infants, researchers reported in the journal Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics. The analysis was based on data from 10 studies involving 733 women.
US hospital systems are tracking data and looking for ways to improve quality of care and patient outcomes, reduce readmissions, and save money, said Jean Chenoweth of Truven Health Analytics, which released this year's 15 Top Health Systems along with IBM Watson Health. She says the trend shows value-based reimbursements are taking hold.
States with easy nonmedical vaccine exemption policies were 140% and 190% more likely to experience a measles outbreak than states with medium and difficult exemption policies, respectively, researchers reported in Academic Pediatrics. The findings also showed that strengthening immunization policies reduced outbreak size by 50% and bolstered public health, health care system and individual cost savings.
Pooled results from two late-stage trials of Adamas Pharmaceuticals' ADS-5102, or amantadine, showed that the drug produced a statistically significant reduction in "off time" and a significant reduction in dyskinesia associated with levodopa in patients with Parkinson's disease.
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