A new review program will be launched jointly by the FDA and the Department of Defense to expedite safety and efficacy review of medical products and devices judged to be essential for lifesaving treatments of US military personnel, with high-priority products for review to include cold-stored platelets, cryopreserved platelets and freeze-dried plasma. At least one workshop will be held by the agency and the department this year to inform FDA guidance on determining "unmet medical needs for battlefield settings," according to an initial blueprint for the initiative.
Research links a Mediterranean diet to multiple health benefits, but unlike commercial diets that spell out what foods to eat, a Mediterranean plan is more about maintaining a general lifestyle and eating pattern, said registered dietitian Suzy Weems. Weems and RD Liz Weinandy say fruits and vegetables are the focus of a Mediterranean style diet, along with nuts and legumes, whole grains, lean protein and healthy fats.
Veterinarian Julie Cavin has provided care to more than 850 cold-stunned sea turtles that have been rescued from unseasonably cold Florida waters since the first week of January and taken to the Gulf World Marine Institute. The comatose turtles are revived in small pools and examined for broken bones or other injuries, Dr. Cavin said.
Workflow problems surrounding MHS Genesis, the Defense Department's new EHR, prompted the DOD and Cerner to delay the system's implementation for eight weeks. The delay will allow Cerner and DOD officials to evaluate pilot implementations at four sites in Washington state, including Fairchild Air Force Base and Madigan Army Medical Center.
The p.Ser64Phe mutation in the MAFA gene is likely associated with a type of non-insulin-dependent diabetes and multiple insulin-producing neuroendocrine tumors, according to a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. UK researchers studied the DNA of 39 adults from two families with diabetes and autosomal dominant insulinomatosis and nine people with sporadic insulinomatosis and found that "the p.Ser64Phe mutation not only significantly increased the stability of MAFA, whose levels were unaffected by variable glucose concentrations in [beta]-cell lines, but also enhanced its transactivation activity."
Jeanne Henry of the American Association for Accreditation of Ambulatory Surgery Facilities says a common deficiency in regard to advance directives is that patient records often lack patient acknowledgement of advance directive receipt. States that have electronic advance directive registries make it easier to obtain and maintain patient directives.
House Republicans have unveiled a short-term spending bill that would keep the federal government open through Feb. 16, extend funding for the Children's Health Insurance Program for six years, suspend the health insurance tax for one year, and delay the taxes on medical device and high-cost health plans for two years. A spending measure must be passed by week's end to avoid a government shutdown.
A study in the journal PNAS found increased body mass index in the US was linked to 186,000 excess deaths in 2011, reducing life expectancy by about 11 months at age 40. Dr. Rekha Kumar commented that while opioid abuse is associated with shorter life expectancy in younger people, obesity contributes to overall lower life expectancy.
US Army data show recruits from 10 Southern states in the US were less fit and more prone to injury in training, compared with recruits in other states, researchers reported in the Journal of Public Health Management & Practice. The study cites a high prevalence of physical inactivity and obesity in the South and estimates that 27% of Americans ages 17 to 24 weigh too much to qualify for military service.
Shine Medical Technologies has received $25 million from the federal government to build its $100 million radioisotope plant in Janesville, Wis., to produce molybdenum-99 in an effort to address the isotope's uncertain supply. Molybdenum-99 is sourced from six government-owned nuclear research reactors outside the US, but supply chain issues are a concern, and some federal scientists say major shortages are a possibility.
- Page 1