Pediatricians should advise young athletes to practice appropriate weight loss and weight gain methods during health supervision visits, according to an American Academy of Pediatrics clinical report in Pediatrics. The report also urges pediatricians to discourage student athletes from using unsafe weight control techniques such as dehydration and potentially harmful medications and supplements, which may adversely affect their health and performance.
Controlled feeding studies can help researchers see the effects of dietary patterns on the gut microbiome and how that in turn affects disease-risk biomarkers, registered dietitian Johanna Lampe told The Human Microbiome: Emerging Themes at the Horizon of the 21st Century conference. Lampe said, however, this type of research is not for evaluating how a dietary intervention works under real-world conditions.
A study found the sugars in human breast milk may protect newborns from Group B Streptococcus infections, researchers told the American Chemical Society's annual meeting and wrote in the journal ACS Infectious Diseases. The sugars in some samples also destroyed biofilms of group B strep, the researchers found.
Prolonged sitting may not increase the risk of death among middle-age and older adults who are not frail and who get recommended levels of moderate physical activity each week, according to a study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. However, sitting time can increase mortality risks for inactive people who are vulnerable or frail, researchers found.
With children in foster care rising in number while available homes decline, six strategies might help address the crisis, writes family care expert Jim Kenny. Shortening time in foster care and paying foster parents a living wage are among the steps the retired clinical psychologist recommends.
Children and youth in foster care get special attention at a Denver clinic set up to deal with the stresses and medical gaps caused by their transient lives. Specially trained doctors and nurses see about 150 patients a month at the Connections for Kids Clinic, a partnership between Denver Health Medical Center and Denver Human Services' child welfare division.
Home visiting services for families facing poverty, substance abuse and other challenges to child-rearing could lose federal funding next month if Congress does not re-authorize the Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting program. Professionals reached 160,000 people in 2016 under the Affordable Care Act program.
The Cambridge, Mass., Police Department has hired its second social worker, who will help officers reach out to at-risk people and assess service needs. Licensed social worker Elana Klein will work in the Community Services Unit and collaborate with the department's Domestic Violence Liaison.
The Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors is set to vote today on a proposal to provide rental subsidies for some of the tens of thousands of homeless people the county aims to house. Eight of the county's 18 housing authorities have agreed to steer some Section 8 money to the subsidies in exchange for county-funded social services.
The Zika virus hijacks the already suppressed immune system in pregnant women, overrunning natural defenses and directly attacking the fetus, according to a study in Nature Microbiology. University of Southern California researcher Jae Jung said the findings could help explain why many people with Zika virus infection do not show symptoms, but the virus still causes severe neurological birth defects when pregnant women are infected.