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4/26/2017

A study in the Journal of the Endocrine Society showed that children with obesity had an almost four times increased risk of developing incident type 2 diabetes before reaching adulthood, compared with those with a normal body mass index. UK researchers used a cohort of 369,361 children ages 2 to 15 and found a 1.6-fold increase in diabetes risk for every 1 standard deviation increase in BMI z score.

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Obesity, body mass index
4/26/2017

An amendment to Republican health care legislation proposes letting states seek waivers to opt out of the Affordable Care Act's community rating requirements, but they would have to have a high-risk pool available for consumers with pre-existing conditions, according to legislative text circulated by House Republicans. States could also seek waivers to opt out of essential health benefits requirements, and states applying for waivers would only need to meet one of numerous possible criteria, such as increasing choice of plans or reducing premiums.

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The Hill, Politico
4/26/2017

Individuals with p.A1369S, a common missense variant in a gene tied to the sulfonylurea receptor, had a significantly lower risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, according to a study in Diabetes. Researchers evaluated data on 120,286 participants in the UK Biobank and found that the genetic variant is also associated with increased body mass index but lower waist-to-hip ratio adjusted for BMI.

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diabetes, body mass index
4/26/2017

Researchers found that type 2 diabetes patients who received iDegLira, a fixed combination of insulin degludec and liraglutide, for 26 weeks had lower hypoglycemia estimated rate ratios than those on insulin degludec or insulin glargine U100 alone for all definitions of hypoglycemia. The findings in Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism, based on two studies, revealed those in the iDegLira group also had greater chances of achieving an A1C of 7% or lower or 6.5% or lower without American Diabetes Association-documented symptomatic hypoglycemia, and without weight gain and hypoglycemia.

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insulin glargine, diabetes
4/26/2017

As a nurse, Carol Goldstein knew she wanted palliative care for her late-stage ovarian cancer. She signed up for the University of Colorado Cancer Center's palliative care program, receiving aid from a psychologist and a dietitian, who helped with treatment side effects, such as diarrhea, constipation and gastrointestinal pain.

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Cure Today
4/26/2017

The US Preventive Services Task Force published updated guidelines in the Journal of the American Medical Association that call for all pregnant women to undergo routine blood pressure monitoring at every prenatal visit to screen for preeclampsia, regardless of whether they have a history of preeclampsia or high blood pressure. Separate guidelines call for pregnant women with a higher risk of preeclampsia to take low-dose aspirin after 12 weeks of pregnancy.

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Reuters
4/26/2017

UK and Norwegian researchers found that children who received emotional feeding or food to soothe negative feelings from their parents at ages 4 and 6 were more likely to develop emotional eating at ages 8 and 10, while those who were more easily comforted by food had increased odds of being emotionally fed. The findings in the journal Child Development were based on data involving 800 youths in Norway.

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CBS News
4/26/2017

It is important to remove sources of lead from the home, such as lead-based paint and certain pottery or candy, and address problems with lead in tap water to prevent children from ingesting it, according to nutrition and pediatric experts. Diet also is important, and registered dietitian nutritionist Kristi King said vitamin C helps the body absorb iron to prevent lead absorption and vitamin B1 can help reduce blood levels of lead.

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vitamin C
4/26/2017

Frequent consumption of flavored waters, either carbonated or still, may damage teeth, writes registered dietitian nutritionist Ellie Krieger. Edmond Hewlett, a professor at the University of California-Los Angeles School of Dentistry, said the citric and fruit acids in flavored waters can erode teeth and affect their structural integrity.

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Ellie Krieger
4/26/2017

Eating different foods changes the balance of bacteria in the gut, and experiments with fruit flies shows that certain gut bacteria can stimulate appetite for nutrients missing in the diet. The findings, published in PLOS Biology, suggest that gut-brain communication might be a basis for future treatments, senior author Carlos Ribeiro says.