The World Health Organization has recommended the investigative RTS,S malaria vaccine for testing in a pilot program in Ghana, Kenya and Malawi. The vaccine is being developed by GlaxoSmithKline.
The World Health Organization will observe World Hepatitis Day on July 28 with a focus on its goal of eliminating viral hepatitis. The WHO will publish reports on challenges and progress in the 28 nations that account for 70% of the worldwide hepatitis burden, and the agency says its 2030 goal of treating 80% of all eligible patients with hepatitis C and B is not overly ambitious.
The government of Australia has donated $377,000 to the World Health Organization for dengue fever prevention, management and eradication programs in Sri Lanka. Australia has also allocated $795,000 for collaborative research by the Sri Lankan Health Ministry and Australia's Monash University on the use of Wolbachia bacteria to limit spread of the virus by mosquitoes.
A study in the journal Reproductive Sciences found that about 4 in 10 women who undergo ovarian tissue freezing are able to have children. The findings were based on 309 procedures, and researchers suggested the method could help healthy women in addition to cancer patients.
The Donor Alliance's Donor Dash in Denver drew 5,857 runners and walkers to honor the lives of tissue, eye and organ donors. Samantha Hernandez has participated in the donor dash three times since the death of her son Elijah at age 10, and she said she finds it "honestly kind of mind-blowing to think that he's still somewhere here on Earth."
Cancer survivors Jon Hibbs and Marisha Chaplin wanted to give their daughter Evie a sibling, but her chemotherapy resulted in premature ovarian failure, and they could not afford donor eggs. Friends of Chaplin secretly raised the money through social media.
An NIH study aims to identify whether co-infection with HIV and the Zika virus complicates the prevention of mother-to-fetus HIV transmission. Other studies have shown that co-infection with syphilis and type 2 herpes simplex virus can increase the risk of HIV transmission during pregnancy.
Big advances in a variety of fields are growing out of research and development that works with materials at the tiniest scale. Two current efforts hold promise for human tissue regeneration using biomaterials and custom medical devices for newborns.
A mobile diagnostic device was created and patented by a team of researchers from Spain's Rovira i Virgili University to enable real-time detection and quantification of tumor cells in blood samples. The device, which was the subject of a study published in the journal Scientific Reports, has been licensed to Medcom Science for commercialization and comes with an optical system for analyzing and tracking cancerous cells, as well as noncancerous ones, and a system for facilitating flow of blood cells in alignment.
Eye abnormalities may be the only initial indication of congenital Zika virus infection in infants, researchers wrote in JAMA Pediatrics. They called for all babies potentially exposed to maternal Zika to receive eye exams regardless of exposure timing, laboratory confirmation or central nervous system abnormalities.
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