Damage caused to small trees in jungle forests by the stomping of elephants leads to increased carbon storage by enabling the surviving trees to grow larger and store even more carbon, a study published in Nature Geoscience suggests. "If elephants promote these kinds of trees, in the long run you will store more atmospheric carbon," says researcher Fabio Berzaghi.
A manufacturer, college and high school in Montana have collaborated for years to launch a new career pathway for students. The program, which prepares students for careers in machining, includes a one-year degree that will prepare students for high-paying jobs in the skilled trades.
Analysis of a fossil that was found in the 1980s at Big Bend National Park in Texas has revealed a new dinosaur genus and species -- Aquilarhinus palimentus -- with unusual facial features. The 80-million-year-old fossil features a shovel-like jaw and a curved mid-face crest resembling an eagle's beak, according to a description published online by the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.
Praying mantises outfitted with tiny glasses are helping researchers learn more about the insects' 3D vision, according to findings published in Nature Communications. The glasses enabled scientists to study the mantises' nerve cells while the insects watched a video of moving disks meant to look like bugs.
Three decades worth of satellite observations have revealed a lava lake atop Mount Michael, a stratovolcano near Antarctica, according to findings published in the Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research. Only seven other persistent lava lakes associated with contemporary volcanoes are known on Earth, researchers say.
A new species of small purple fish has been found in coral reefs off the coast of Tanzania, and researchers are calling it the vibranium fairy wrasse after the other-worldly material featured in the "Black Panther" movie. The fish's official name, Cirrhilabrus wakanda after the fictional kingdom in the movie, is described in ZooKeys.
The National Institute of General Medical Sciences has awarded a $10 million grant to an international study of myosin and heart disease led by researchers at Stanford University. The research partnership includes the University of California at Santa Barbara, the University of Washington and France's Institut Curie.
One year after launching its College and Career Academies program, an Ohio district says some 1,440 high-schoolers earned an industry certification before graduating -- a 1,500% increase from the year before. Superintendent David James says the program is aimed at preparing students with the skills they need to enter the workforce.
Middle-school students in Massachusetts are learning diesel automotive repair skills through a summer program at an area high school, supported by a state grant. Justin Bresnahan, program coordinator of the Holyoke YMCA, says the program helps prepare students for future career pathways as they transition to high school.
A Texas school district will allow students from neighboring districts to enroll in career and technical education courses at a new CTE center set to open in August. Officials say the outreach is part of the district's mission to serve the needs of all students.
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