School social workers in Pearl River County, Miss., gave a data-backed presentation to local government officials to support the need for their services. Mental health issues, potential violence and domestic abuse affect significant numbers of students, the four professionals noted.
The tufted capuchin, Venezuelan red howler, white-faced capuchin, white-fronted capuchin and spider monkey are the primates most susceptible to Zika virus infections in the Americas, according to the results of a new algorithm, and they tend to live near heavily populated areas or are kept as pets. The research, reported in Epidemics, could be used to improve prevention efforts.
The Florida Senate's Agriculture Committee approved a bill that would make it a first-degree misdemeanor to leave pets restrained outdoors and unattended during a hurricane or other disaster. Many owners left their pets tethered to trees or cars during hurricanes Matthew, Irma and Michael, and a number of local governments have banned the practice.
Patients with type 2 diabetes had a 1.48 adjusted incidence rate ratio of obstructive sleep apnea, compared with those without diabetes, according to a study in Diabetes Care. UK researchers analyzed data from The Health Improvement Network and found that atrial fibrillation, being overweight or obese, being prescribed insulin in the last 60 days, depression, diabetes-related foot disease, heart failure, hypertension, ischemic heart disease and male sex were significant predictors of OSA among diabetes patients.
UK researchers used a cohort of 1,024 pregnant women and found that those at risk for gestational diabetes, but who were not screened, had a 44% higher risk for late stillbirth than those who were not at risk for the condition. The findings, published in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, revealed that if left untreated, gestational diabetes may raise the risk of complications, including giving birth to babies who grow larger than usual, preeclampsia and premature birth.
Novo Nordisk submitted a marketing application to the FDA for oral semaglutide, a daily pill for type 2 diabetes. The company is using a priority review voucher for the drug.
A survey of 185 health care leaders found about 90% said most value-based health care contracts will have upside and downside risks within the next five years, according to a report from the HealthCare Executive Group and Change Healthcare. The survey showed 6.3% of respondents said most value-based contracts will never include upside and downside risks.
Data from Geisinger's Ask-A-Doc program, which included 22,000 physician consultations, showed it reduced the turn-around time between primary and specialty physicians to 6.5 hours compared with traditional referrals that could take from weeks to months. The program also reduced costs, mainly due to fewer emergency department and physician office visits.
In dementia-free older adults, elevated serum insulin and insulin resistance are related to worse cognitive functioning after seven years. But there may be a limited window for the effects of insulin on dementia; once dementia becomes more advanced, insulin resistance may no longer be important in determining disease progression. Further studies are needed to identify high-risk profiles and whether lifestyle or pharmacological interventions would affect outcomes.
A microbiota could not be demonstrated using multiple modes of microbiologic inquiry in placentas of women who delivered at term without labor.
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